Sherpur District

Sherpur, a portion of the present Mymensingh division which was ameliorated to a district on February 20, 1984, from a subdivision of Jamalpur district and geographically is positioned in between 24°18′ and 25°18′ north latitudes and in between 89° 53′ and 90° 91′ east longitudes and ringed by the Meghalaya (Indian province struggling for independence and an essential member of seven sisters) province of India on the North, Mymensingh on the east, Jamalpur on the south and west.

 

With an area of 1363.76  Square Kilometers and 15,42,610 people, the district Sherpur mostly depends upon the Agro-based Economy. Around 64% of the holdings of Sherpur districts are farms that generate different types of crops. Plenty of fishes and nonagrarian services also play a vital role in enriching and constructing the economic infrastructure of Sherpur district.

Sherpur possesses a literacy rate of 48.04%, according to the most recent statistics provided by Banbeis. The district also maintains four public libraries, which is pretty remarkable and rare as other districts of the country struggle to support more than one.

With three parliamentary constitutions, five Upazilas, and fifty-two Unions, the district administratively is just doing well.

Bangladesh snatched victory over Pakistan in 1971, and after the independence Bangabandhu, the father of the nation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahaman, proclaimed Sherpur as the 71st district. But the whole procedure got stunned due to a rapid change in the political environment of the country. In 1989, President Ziaur Rahman ameliorated Sherpur to a subdivision, and in 1984, President Ershad upgraded Sherpur to a district.

 

Sherpur municipality was established in 179 during the Suzerine period. A movement was waged directly against the tyranny of the suzerain representatives ( Zamindar) over the subjects and indirectly against the British rule in the territory. There was a latently nourished desire among all the people of the domain to overthrow the British throne. All movements against Zamindars were nothing but a recessive sign of that desire.  Once upon a time, Tipu Pagal, a promising desperate leader, a compassionate man towards his people,  ended the British rule in Sherpur and established an independent state. His descendants are now living in a renowned house-building renowned as pagla Ghar in Leti Kanda village on the bank of Kangsha river. The people were often involved in the movement against the oppression of the zamindars. Among the movements were Boxari Rebellion, Tenant Movement, Peasant Movement, Kshaiya Movement, and many more.

 

According to the National database, 78% of people from Sherpur are directly involved in agriculture, and recently a sherpur based  E-agriculture software was obstructed. The authority is planning to bring a brand new website domain as Digital Sherpur Agriculture.

 

In 1947, British India was divided into Hindustan and Pakistan, and British rule was liberated. In between, Pakistan was established as East and West Pakistan at about twelve hundred miles, and the Punjabi regime dominated both the regions. As a result, then East Pakistan was persecuted, impoverished, and neglected for nearly 24 years in political and economic terms. Finally, in the 1970 general election, Awami league led by The Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won a majority with 91% of the vote. On the other hand, the then ruler Yahya Khan was killed in Bengali. During this time, the Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for a non-cooperation movement. The role played by the People of Sherpur was very important in that movement.

On November 24, 1971, Pakistani raiders executed a very well planned genocide in Shurjodi, Sherpur Sadar Upazila, and in that particular massacre, many freedom fighters and civilians embraced the martyrdom. April 26, 1971. Pak militants entered the city of Sherpur to shoot. The Police set up the base in the house of Nayani Zamindar (currently the district administrator’s office) by taking over the sherpur through the fire, robbery, and murder. Meanwhile, two students named Mostafa and Bulbul were martyred. Many who did not know the name of the bread vendor, Including The Prophet Of The Prophet, The Priest of the Shani Biga Temple, Subrata Bhattacharya, were martyred. On the same day, the militants attacked the village of Jhaugra and shot dead eight people, including the city’s sheltered businessmen Chauthamal Karua, Nipu Saha, Mahendra Dey. Within a week, the militants set up a strong base at the border posts, including every police station. Ahmad Nagar in Jhinaigati was the sector of Pak invaders, headquarters. The freedom fighters of Sector 11 were killed in India when the war started coming to an end. However, after all, such incidents, sacrifices, and struggles, the people of Sherpur managed to extinguish the Pakistani raiders and wipe them out of the land.

 

Professor Abul Kasem, a Sherpuri (Demonyms), has tried all his life to establish the Bengali language at all levels of Bangladesh. He has worked hard to execute the purpose well. On 1 St. September 1947, he found “Tamuddin Majlis” in association with the scholars, writers, and journalists, putting Islamic culture and consciousness in front of him. On September 15, 1947, Tamuddin Majlis released a booklet titled “Pakistan’s National Language: Bangla or Urdu?” authored by Kazi Motahar Hossain, Abul Mansur Ahmed. The booklet was made to reach everyone possible to reach and gain massive support for the language establishment as the national language.  Professor Abul Kasem stressed the use of Bengali as the only language in the east Pakistan office court. Also, he campaigned for settling Bengali, the national language of Pakistan. He was the first to teach in  BSC (Honors) and MSC programs at the University of Dhaka using the Bengali Language.

 

The largest of the local government institutions, Sherpur district council, have been governed by the existing District Council Administrative and other functions per the laws and ordinances formulated at different times. The District Board established as the Local Self Government Act 1885 has been performing public service work since its inception properly.

At a glance of  Sherpur
01 Area 1363.76 sq km
02 Population 15,42.610

Men: 50.66%

Women: 49.34%

 

03 Founding Year February 22, 1984
03 Density 1000 per squire kilometer

2600 square mile

04 Literacy Rate 48.04%
05 Seats in the Parliament 3
06 Postcode 2100
07 Sector in Liberation War 11

Sub-districts or Upazila (8)

  • Sherpur Sadar Upazila.
  • Nalitabari Upazila.
  • Sribadi Upazila.
  • Nakala Upazila.
  • Jhinigati Upazila.

Main Rivers

Main Rivers

  • Brahmaputra
  • Kangsha
  • Vogai

Archaeological Heritage and Relics:

  • Ghagra Khan Ghar Masjid
  • My Sira Masjid.
  • The Ghagsawari Bar Duari Mosque
  • Three Aniszamdar Houses in the city of Dhanman.
  • Rang Mahal
  • Gopi Nath and Anan Purna Temple
  • Loknath Temple and Raghunath Geo Temple.
  • GK Pilot High School.

Remarkable places to visit

  • Tomb of Darvish Jarip Shah,
  • Tomb of Shah Kamal (1644 AD),
  • Tomb of Sher Ali Gazi,
  •  Mughal Mosque at Kasba, Maisaheba Mosque,
  •  and Residences of Nay Ani, Arai Ani and Pouney Tin     Ani Zamindars

Notable Personalities

  • Robi Niyogi
  • Matia Chowdhury
  • Professor Abul Kashem.

Written by Niaz Mahmud Sakib.