Bangladesh

Bangladesh, a South Asian country, the land of six seasons, with the largest river delta in the world, the largest mangrove in the world, the largest bay in the world, the longest sea beach in the world and three UNESCO world heritage sites including the mosque city of Bagerhat (shat gombuj), the land with the town of mosques is officially distinguished the people’s republic of Bangladesh. The 8th most densely populated Muslim majority country Bangladesh with its 161.4 million people (World development indicators, World Bank, 2018) and 1,56,699 square kilometers area has been struggling for a well-furnished economy and ensuring a comparatively better lifestyle to its people. The founder and the father of the nation is Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahaman.

Bangladesh, a promising land for business, bordered by Purbachal border line- India (4096 Km) and river Naf -Myanmar (193 Km) uses B.D.T. Taka as the currency. The Bangladeshi flag designed by Shivnarayan Das was first hoisted on March 2 of 1971 by the erstwhile student leader A.S.M. Abdur Rab in the Bottola of University Of Dhaka And later on the flag was further reconsidered in a little new shape on January 13, 1972. The flag of Bangladesh depicts the luxuriant and profusely vibrant green terra firma through the green portion and sacrifice of the martyrs of liberation war and the rising sun of a new country through the red part of the flag. Bangladesh snatched independence from Pakistani discrimination and tyranny loving oppressors in 1971.

Bangladesh, remarkably, is the first country to protest and sacrifice lives for the right of mother tongue. And the very first extraordinary mention upon the Bengali language was found early in an ancient book “Oitoreo Aronnok”.

There exist a thousand years of history behind naming this country, Bangladesh. Historians analyze the naming issue using categorization into several periods of history. According to Dhaka University History professor Syed Anwar Hossain and many other sources, the word “Bangla” derives from the Sanskrit word “Banga”. The history tells us that the Aryans used to call this region “Banga”.

However, Muslims living in Bengal added the Persian suffix “al” to the word “Bengal”. The name stands for “Bangal” or “Bangalah”. “Al” means the segregation measure of lands or the construction of a dam on a river.
Quoting historian Abul Fazl, Syed Anwar Hossain said, “During the Muslim reign, especially during the Sultanate period from 1336 to 158 and after the Mughals occupied Bengal in 157, the region appeared to be known as Bangal or Bangalah.”

But Bengali, Bangal or Desh – these three words entered into from the Persian language. None is a Bengali word. Later, various kings attributed different names to this Bengal during their reign. The last independent ruler from this particular land Nawab Sirajuddaula even named “Banga” after several presidencies like Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Assam. Statistics Bureau reports 27 indigenous existing tribal groups in Bangladesh and indigenous people have been prevalently living in Chittagong hill tracts, Sylhet, Rajshahi and Mymensingh. Considering the number of ethnic members, Chakma is reported to be the largest and Myanmar is said to be the second-largest tribal group in Bangladesh. But different sources claimed that there exist 41 / 48 ethnic groups in Bangladesh!

While some indigenous ethnic communities maintain a matriarchal social system, most of the country secure a patriarchal social order with a male-female ratio of chronologically 102.83 male per 100 female. Covid-19 hit the area so hard, and as a consequence, this effective event undoubtedly might spearhead the worsening effect upon the fiscal budget. However, the government made a budget of 5,68,000 national budget in the fiscal year 2020-21 with the slogan, “Economic transition and pathway to progress. Bangladesh has been maintaining her second position in R.M.D. and apparel export industry since 2016, and there are more than 5000 RMD factories in Bangladesh those of which still now plays a massive role in developing the economic condition of the country. Tea and Jute export industry has also been contributing to Bangladesh’s export economy.

Notably, According to Bangladeshi law, anything comprising less than 0.5% alcohol is allowed to sell and needs no government permit. Darshana Keru and co. is the only authorized alcohol brewing company in Bangladesh. Except for R.M.G. and cash crops, Bangladesh possesses many other promising sectors like fertilizing industry, paper industry, Export processing zone, fish markets, agriculture, electricity industry and the country is remarkably blessed with many other natural resources as well.

Following the lately published report, Bangladesh has more than 10% wholly covered forest territory while having more than 17% forest territory is the perfect gauging measurement to be sustainable enough to prevent or recover any natural calamities.

Bangladesh, with the reputation of a riverine country, possesses more than 800 rivers invading more than 24,140 kilometres. This country possesses 118,813 kilometres of the naval area as well. (212 nautical miles). Recently, the state added more nautical miles in its territory after winning a case against the country Myanmar.

Bangladeshi rice, Mangoes and Tenualosa Elisha can bewitch anybody on the spur of the moment and possesses enthralling appeal. Hail Bangladesh! Hail the land of beauty! Hail the land of diversity!!

At a glance of Bangladesh
Continent Asia (South Asia)
National Anthem Amar Sonar Bangla (Bengali)
Official Name The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Capital Dhaka
Area Total 148,460km2 (57,320 sq mi)
Population 161,376,708  estimate 2018

149,772,364  census 2011

Density 1,106/km2 (2,864.5/sq mi)
Govt. System Parliamentary Democracy
Ruler &

Highest title

President Abdul Hamid

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

House Speaker Shirin Chaudhury

Chief Justice Syed Mahmud Hossain

Nationality Bangladeshi
Language Bengali
Religion Islam (90.39%)

Hinduism (8.54%)

Buddhism (0.60%)

Christianity (0.37%)

Others (0.14%)

Main Cities Dhaka, Chittagong,

Rajshahi, khulna,

Sylhet, Barisal

Main Place to Interest Cox’s bazaar, Sundarbans,

Lalbagh Fort, kuakata,

Mahasthangarh, Paharpur,

Rangamati, St Martin’s Island,

Sylhet, Shait Gambuj Masjid

Main River Padma, Meghna, Jamuna
Ethnic Group Bengali 98%

Minorities 1.1%

Uncertain 0.9%

Literacy Rate 74.7%(2019)

Male: 77.4%

Female: 71.9

73.91% (2018)

72.89% (2017)

Independence Independent Form G. Britain:

14 August 1947

as Pakistan (East Pakistan)

Independence from Pakistan:

Declared: 26 March 1971

Victory Day: 16 December 1971

Current constitution 16 December 1972
GDP (PPP)

2020 estimate

Total: $917.805 billion

Per capita: $5,453

GDP (nominal)

2020 estimate

Total: $347.991 billion

Per capita: $2,173

Currency Bangladeshi taka (৳) (BDT)
Time zone UTC+6 (BST)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy AD
Driving side left
Calling code +880
ISO 3166 code BD

Written &  Edited by Niaz Mahmud Sakib

বিঃদ্রঃ বাংলাকোষ কোনো সংবাদপত্র নয়, এটি মূলত একটি আর্কাইভ। বাংলাকোষ এ প্রকাশিত সকল তথ্য কপিরাইট এর অন্তর্ভুক্ত। সুতরাং কোনো পূর্বানুমতি ছাড়া বাংলাকোষের কোনো তথ্য ব্যবহার করা যাবে না। তবে অব্যবসায়িক প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলো সূত্রসহ ব্যবহার করতে পারবে।