Barguna is a district under the Barisal division located in the southern part of Bangladesh. Barguna was first found as only a subdivision of Patuakhali district in 1969. On 15 Falgun 1369 BS (1984), approximately all the subdivisions of the country(Bangladesh) were ameliorated to districts, and that’s what spearheaded Barguna’s appearance as a district in 1984.
Barguna district is pretty eminent for its ample production of Betel Nuts and Coconuts. Over and above, Chuia Pie, Chaba Pie, Muitta Pie, Allan, Biscuit, Palm Marmalade, Shirni, Coconut Suruwa, Rice Bread are famous dishes of Barguna. Fish and sweets of this region are exceptional as well.
Barguna possesses six Upazilas, six police stations, four municipalities, 42 unions and 560 villages.
No robust supporting evidence exists corresponding to the naming of the district. Some historians agreed and stated that in the past, timber traders of the northern region once intended to reach here to buy timbers and patiently Biden their time for the favouring flow (Baro – Gone) to surpass the Rakhine resident of this district. In contrast, some stated that the name originated from a bawali and the district is named after that Bawali, and that’s how the name “Barguna” found it’s existence.
Barguna district, with an area of 1831.31 square kilometres, geographically is positioned in between 21°48′ and 22°29′ north latitudes and in between 89°52′ and 90°22′ east longitudes. It is surrounded on the north by the districts of Jhalokathi, Barisal, Patuakhali and pirojpur. In the east, it borders the Patuakhali District. Considering the south, Barguna is hedged by the Patuakhali District and the coastal area of Bay of Bengal. On the western side, it is ringed by Pirojpur and Bagerhat districts.
According to recent statistics provided by Banbeis, at present, at the time of writing, Barguna has the highest literacy rate (86.6%) in Bangladesh. Following the 2011 consensus, the total population of Barguna is 8,92,781.
The sculpture “Agnijhara Ekattar” commemorating the liberation war moulded by the great Mrinal Haque is located in the town hall premises of the municipal town of Barguna district. As a consequence, the town hall has been renamed as Swadhinata Square.
As the marks of the liberation war, Barguna has two mass graves (one is near to the district jail and the other one is near to Patharghata launch terminal). Other than these mass graves, the district possesses foundation pillar of Sector 9 of the War of Liberation (Bamna) and memorial pillar 3 (Amtali) as well as the marks of liberation war 1971.
The entire naval area of the district is 160 square kilometre which is 22% of the whole area of the district. Notable rivers incorporate the Paira River, Bishkhali river, Khakdon river, Baleshwar river and Haringhata river. In addition, the district possesses 300 more natural canals what undoubtedly add the masala and contribution in the maritime economical zone of the community. The total area of the reserved forest area of this particular district is 30533.90 acres.
People from Barguna are mostly dependent on agriculture and farming, and fishing seems popular professions here nowadays. Popular crops incorporate rice and pulses. Jute cultivation once used to be very significant to the people of Barguna, but eventually, jute lost its popularity as a cash crop. The thriving fishing industry of Barguna let others know about Barguna’s existence as a coastal district.
The total length of riverway is 250 nautical miles. At a time, this enriched coastal region was full of paddy fields, opulence and fish full in rivers and seas, milk of cows and buffaloes, sari weavers, grinding oil, sugarcane molasses in threshing mills and was blessed with heavenly natural splendour. Luck lived in every corner of the district.
People of Barguna with no regret and complaint corresponding to their life struggles a lot because of their regular arch-enemies like an epidemic or natural calamities!
Most people of Barguna used to cherish folklore practice, and they still nourish it, patronize it and in a word they try their utmost to live in it. And the significant themes of there folk culture are focally centred around happiness and natural disasters. Folk music of the concerned area also reflects the pure nature and caress of the people of the city. Jarigan, Sarigan, kobiigan, kirtan, hoila, folktale and folk drama are remarkable entities of the folk culture of the concerned district.
Traditional cottage industries, for instance, like weaving, bamboo and cane art work, goldsmithing, blacksmithing, pottery, woodwork, and tailoring, also possess a unique role in rural areas of Barguna district. Produce of the region incorporates betel leaf, pulses, bananas, betel nut, molasses, marine fish, and shrimp. The total ploughable fertile land of Barguna is 104231 hectares. The worst-hit and most affected district by cyclone Sidr in 2007.
|At a glance Of Barguna|
|1||Area||1939.39 Square Kilometers|
Female 455,368 (51.01%)
|3||Founding Year||28 February 1984|
|6||Literacy rate||86.6% (2020)|
- Barguna Sadar
- Bibichini Shahi Mosque, located at Betagi.
- Buddhist temple, located at Taltali.
- Buddhist Academy.
- Professor Syed Fazlul Haque
- Md Akhteruzzaman, Vice-Chancellor, University of Dhaka
Written & Edited by Niaz Mahmud Sakib