Gazipur District

Gazipur, a district renowned for its industrial contribution and natural beauty, possesses 1770.54 square kilometres of territory and is geographically positioned at between 23°53′ and 24°24′ north latitudes and 90°9′ and 90°42′ east longitudes.

Gazipur is a green-covered area, especially with timber tree Shawl. The shawl tree exists in Gazipur prevalently in a pre-dominant manner. The district is ringed on North by Mymensingh and Kumarganj districts, Dhaka, Narayanganj, and Madhurpur districts in the south and on the west by Dhaka and Tangail districts.

Astoundingly, Gazipur owns a forest area of 273.42 square kilometres and a naval area of 17.53 square kilometres which is very rare compared to the other districts of the country.

According to the Bangladesh population census 2011, the population of Gazipur district is 21,43,411 with a male-female ratio chronologically 51.7% and 49.3% and managed to sustain a literacy rate (present rate) of 56.40%.

Major financial crops of Gazipur are Rice, Jute, cotton, bamboo, banana, Guava, Jackfruit and many more. But Gazipur always has something unique to offer. Gazipur has more than a thousand resorts to make your picnic day a little bit more beautiful or your honeymoon a little more enjoyable.

The ancient town of Vawal Pargana (town) is now known as Gazipur. Why did this territory use to be known as Vawal? Oh! It possesses a long-cherished history! Various sources suggest that this area of the Bengali town was being operated and administered under the reign of Mughal emperor Ashok, even a few thousand years ago.

And this is why there exists the Sakeshwar pillar at present in JayadevaPur. Since ancient times, the Region’s Dobak Dakurai Sakeeshwar Wastiti (general mass) was ruled by the small kingdoms of Pal, Das, Chedi and Chandal. During the Muslim rule, these towns became the largest Parganas (little towns)  called Lawal.

Historical data shows that in the ninth century BC, King Jasopal, The Child pal Pratap (prince) and Mahendra Bhawal established small suzerain kingdoms in different places. According to the legend, these small states (suzerain Kingdoms) were known as the Kingdom of The Chedi.

These small Chedi states existed with the Union of Sripur, Kaliakair (partial), Kapasia, Kaliganj, Tongi and Gofargao and Trishal District of Mymensingh district, The Savar district of Dhaka division, Rupganj district of Narayanganj and Harirampur Union in the west of Tongi.

There are different opinions over the name of Bhawal. According to The Vawal researcher Nurul Islam Bhawalratna, after the fall of the Chandal kings, Bhawal came to the possession of the Ghazis. According to some, the name bhawal originated from the name of the lord as in after the Bhavapal. The existence of the ‘Bhapal’ kingdom was known during the Kurukshetra war, as mentioned in the Mahabharata. By contrast, the name Vawal originated from ‘Vagalaya’ because the term ‘Vagalaya’ is also mentioned in the Mahabharat. A description of the phrase ‘Gentle’ is found in the Bromma-Purana. According to researcher Nurul Islam, the first known name of the region is Bhawal, and the root of this name was first found in the book named Ain-e-Akbari.

Historians think that the ruling power of the Sen dynasty kings got weakened in the 12th century and lost its dominance over the town of Vawal. The Muslim power was raised in different parts of the region after the conquest of Bengal.


In this series of incidents, The Vawal Ghazi became more vigorous, and he took over and conquered every single  Chedi kingdoms of the region. And following the conquest of these towns, he named this town after his own name. His real name is Bhawal Ghazi, and following the local language, the word used to be pronounced like  Bhawal (vaoal) Ghazi… During the Nawabi period, a police station was established in Dhirsreem to collect revenue from Bhawal Pargana. In the period surrounding this dhirashem, a prosperous town was constructed here,  Some infrastructural signs still can be found as few signs were left in the villages of the territory. Significant resources incorporate The dighi and the roads of Rahpara, Telinagar, Hyderabad, Rathkhola, Vararul, Meghdubi etc.


In 1947, after the segregation of Indian sub-continent, a political party, Awami League was formed. The erstwhile leader of the party, Tajuddin Ahmed, proposed a roadmap for the political and administrative formation and proposed the amelioration of this concerning territory and gave the area a name to be officially incorporated in all government data,  Vawalgarh district.

In the next phase, other political leaders started moving administrative areas like Dhaka Sadar North Mahakuma to Jayadevapur under the name Of vawalgarh Mahakuma. But the initiative appeared futile and failed to turn into reality because of the erstwhile Pakistan government. However, from then on, the area found a new identity, Vawalgarh district and this time an established one!


Since the independence of Bangladesh, various political parties have raised the demand for the amelioration of Vawalgarh as a district.

In 1978, a. A. The process of initially transferring Dhaka Sadar North Mahkuma to Jayadevpur started by inviting Mozammel Haque. At that time, the government formed a committee to name the mahkumas. (small portions of the considered area) The committee proposed three names. They are as followed ‘Vawal’, ‘Vawalgarh’ and ‘Gazipur’ and was sent to the cabinet section of the government. The government approved the name ‘Gazipur’ in recognition of the contribution of the brave Ghazis of Bhawal, and thus the name ‘Gazipur’ was selected for Gazipur Mahakuma.

In 1982, the Bangladesh government decided to ameliorate the country’s mahakumas to the district. But The Gazipur Mahakuma wasn’t in initially what caused anger and reactions among the local people. Finally, the 19 member Gazipur District Implementation Committee was formed selecting significant influencers like Habibullah and  A.M. Mozammel Haque. When the committee members started a massive campaign, communication and movement demanding the amelioration of The Gazipur Mahakuma to a district, the government accepted their demands and recognized Gazipur as the district.

On March 1 1984, the erstwhile government’s Chief Finance Secretary M Saiduzzaman inaugurated the new Gazipur district. Gazipur ranks seventh among 17 districts of Dhaka division, and Gazipur is 39th out of 64 districts in Bangladesh.

The district has been doing absolutely stunning and splendid with one city corporation, five Upazilas, six thanas, four municipalities including Tongi, Gazipur, Kaliakoir and sripur and forty-seven Unions.

The history of the Kalajay of Gazipur has been learning of fame throughout India. In Gazipur there is the glorious history of ghazis, the mystery of the Hindu kings, the history of the five kings of the Kingdom of Chedi, the war of Isha Khan and Man Singh, the prosperous towns and the capital of the Pala dynasty, the battle of the river Of Eisa Khan with Shahbaz Khan, the commander of Emperor Akbar, the Edala fort built by Ilyas Shah, where Delhi’s Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlak was twice as many as a million soldiers. The prestigious land Gazipur also enjoys glory for the world-famous Moslin fabric production.

The history and fame of Gazipur corresponding to the language, culture and art literature also possess widespread popularity.   In the thirties, sitting in the church of the city of Vawal, Portuguese priest Manuel the Asusupsau composed a bi-language dictionary and a fragmented grammar of Bengal, the first Bengali language dictionary of the time. vawal pargana is the birthplace of Bengali prose as well.


The first book in the history of Bengali language is known as the ‘Brahman Roman Catholic’ news. Born in this region, world-renowned scientist Meghnad Saha, scientist and researcher Dr Ekhlauchuddin and Professor Dr Ajit Kumar Saha. The actor and actor who has been a real-life architect of the imagination of literature and art is the collector of Dhaka Museum and the world-renowned Balda Garden’s Nimarta zamindar Narendra Roy Chowdhury, the nature poet Govind Chandra Das, the s Abu Zafar Shamsuddin, the village singer Meena Badr-ya, the actor. He has won hundreds of gold medals. Kudrat Ullah is the son of this district.

Traditional lys a thousand years of its own culture has long been a part of the region, with the singing of Ghazi, cloud mala rins, rice cutter songs, bhawal music, zari-sari-bhaoaiya songs, pala songs, Swara songs, son volano swaras, son volano shra, various festivals and fairs in different places of worship and festivals have traditionally been in the city for centuries.

The prominent heritage of Gazipur is the Shal-Gjari forest. In the past, this shalbon tiger was a great sanctuary. It is said that the sash wood was used to construct the steps of the Taj Mahal built by Emperor Shah Jahan in Delhi. During the Mughal period, natural incense produced from the shell plant was supplied to all India. The land of the brave heroes like Mughal Subada Shahsouza, Prince Akikmushban and Subada Murshidkuli Khan was the shawl-gajari deep forest of Bhawal Adar. Subadar Islam Khan is known to have lost his life while hunting in the woods. Considering the close relationship between man and the environment, in 1973, the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh built a unique park in the world, known as ‘Vawal National Park’, across 76,000 acres of land in Shalbon, Vawal.

The Bangabandhu Safari Park was built in 2013 on 3,600 acres of forest land in Piruzali Mouza in Jayadevpur, surrounded by traditional Shalbon in Gazipur. There are many wild animals, including lions, tigers, bears, leopards, deer, and many wild animals.

The Great Liberation is a chapter of the glory and glory of the Bengali nation. In 1971, we achieved the great liberation war under the leadership of the nation’s father, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and independent-sovereign Bangladesh. The role of the heroics of Gazipur in the history of the liberation war is very glorious.

After the historic March 7 speech of Bangladesh, the country started to rise in the movement for freedom and freedom. In early March, the Liberation Struggle Council was formed in various places including Jayadevpur, Chittagong. On March 19, the first armed resistance of the brave people began with the Pakhanadar forces in Jaidevpur, Gazipur. Manu Khalifa, Hurmat, Niamat and Kanu Mia Shahadat were killed by Pakistani soldiers in this armed resistance. This was the first armed resistance of the Bengali people during the great liberation war. On this day, the people of Gazipur have created public opposition on the streets of The People of The Pakistan Army, which is coming to Gazipur to disarm the Bengali soldiers of the 2nd East Regiment. During this time, jahanjeb of The Bigadia faced the obstacles of the people of Gazipur on his way back to Dhaka. As a result, armed clashes broke out between the brave people of Gazipur and the Pakistani troops. The news quickly spread and the slogan was chanted in Bengali, “Take the path of Jayadevapur – make Bangladesh independent”. Which serves as the inspiration for the great liberation war.

On March 19, the brave people of Gazipur, led by the erstwhile Minister of Liberation Affairs A.K.M.Mozammel Haque MP, started the first armed resistance.

At a glance of Gazipur
01 Area 1,741.53 km2

(672.41 sq mi)

02 Population 3,403,912

Male 1067722

Female 964169

03 Founding Year 1 March 1984
03 Density 2,000/km2

(5,100/sq mi)

04 Literacy Rate 36%
05 Seats in the Parliament 5
06 Postcode 1700 – 1704
07 Sector in Liberation War


  • Gazipur Sadar Upazila
  • Kaliakair Upazila
  • Kaliganj Upazila
  • Kapasia Upazila
  • Sreepur Upazila

Main Rivers:

Old brahmaputra, Shitalakshya, Turag, Bangshi, Balu, Banar

Place to Interest

  • Baliadi Jamider Bari
  • Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Safari Park
  • Bhawal National Park
  • Bhawal Rajbari
  • Nuhash Polli
  • Shadi Masjid
  • Sheikh Mahmud Shah Mosque
  • Sreefoltoli Zamindar Bari
  • St Nicholas Tolentino Church
  • Sultanpur Dargapara Shahi Mosque

Notable Person:

  • Tajuddin Ahmad, First Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • Meghnad Saha, Astrophysicist
  • Sohel Taj

Written & edited by Niaz Mahmud Sakib.

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